Heat Pump FAQs

What are heat pump water heaters and what benefits do they offer?

A heat pump water heater is a renewable energy based water heating device that is able to capture the heat available in ambient/atmospheric air and transfer it to water that needs to be heated. it operates like a refrigerator but in reverse. As it absorbs heat of ambient air it consumes renewable energy to heat the water.

Heat pumps are highly energy efficient as most of the energy required for heating the water is absorbed from the ambient air and only a small amount of electrical energy is utilised for running the compressor. On an average, a heat pump delivers hot water equivalent to more than 3 kWh electrical energy for every 1 kWh electricity consumed by it and hence most systems have a Coefficient of Performance (COP) >3.

A heat pump system consists of a compressor and two coils made of copper tubing (one indoors and one outside), which are surrounded by aluminium fins to aid heat transfer. The liquid refrigerant in the outside coils extracts heat from the air and evaporates into a gas. The indoor coils release heat from the refrigerant as it condenses back into a liquid.

What are the advantages of Heat pump over solar water heating system

The advantages of Heat Pump Water Heater over a Solar Water heater are as below:

 

Description

Heat Pump

Solar Water Heater

Easy to Install

  • Can be wall mounted and installed anywhere in the house
  • Can be placed in an enclosed space as small as 100 cubic feet
  • In open to air areas, there is no minimum space requirement
  • Need to be installed outdoors mostly on the rooftop, requires more area and the area needs to be shadow-free between 9am – 3pm

Reduce plumbing costs

Require relatively less plumbing as they can be installed indoors closer to the utility (consumption) point.

Typically installed on rooftops and require extensive installation and plumbing up to the bathroom, kitchen and other points of use

All year round operation

Provides hot water on all days of the year and at anytime during both day and night

Quantity of hot water available varies by season and within a day the entire quantity of water is typically available for use either in the morning or evening

Automatic backup

Some models come with a electrical heating element that can be used to heat water to a higher temperature and cater to peak demand 

Cannot cater to peak loads

Leakage & Wastages

Can be installed in bathrooms eliminate long plumbing lines and associated heat losses 

Installed on the rooftop and plumbing lines are prone to leakages and heat losses.

Intelligent & automatic features

  • Features like timers switches the unit on automatically thereby minimizing heat losses
  • Displays amount of hot water available

No such features available

Constant temperature output

Delivers the hot water at constant temperature

Due to continuous cold water mixing, hot water temperature tends to reduce on withdrawal over the period of the day.

 

How to select the a heat pump that would my requirement?

First the amount hot water required need to calculated and according a suitable size has to selected, Pumps & More offer the heat pump capacity ranging from 60 litres to 200 litres of all the major brands in the market.

What will be Return of Investment (ROI) for the pump over conventional heating options?

The ROI return of Investment of a heat pump ranges between 2 - years to 4 years depending on size of heat pump & its manufacturer.

Suitability of heat pump for Hard water? Or Is heat pump suitable for heating hard water?

Specific models of heats pumps are designed considering hard water/ ground water, it is advisable to check the manufacturers manual to select the appropriate heat pump suitable to heat the water having certain level of hardness.

Does the Heat Pump work on cloudy days and night?

As the Heat Pump uses heat from the surrounding air to heat water, it can heat the water at any time of the day.

What happens if compressor stop working, the hot water supply will be stopped.?

In case of any malfunction in the compressor , the water will get heated using backup electrical heating elements while compressor is being repaired.

What is the range of the ambient temperature required to operate a heat pump water heater?

A heat pump water heater can operate between -7°C to 43°C with highest efficiency.

What is the maximum temperature of hot water the heat pump can provide?

The maximum temperature of the hot water is different for different manufacture. Heat pump without utilising electrical coil heating can delivery water upto 60 deg, however some model may provide water upto 70 deg C while utilising backup coil for heating the water.

What are the operational maintenance of the heat pump?

Like all heating and cooling systems, proper maintenance is key to efficient operation. The difference between the energy consumption of a well-maintained heat pump and a severely neglected one ranges from 10% to 25%.

Maintain the system according to manufacturer's instructions. Dirty filters, coils, and fans reduce airflow through the system. Reduced airflow decreases system performance and can damage your system's compressor. Clean outdoor coils whenever they appear dirty; occasionally, turn off power to the fan and clean it; remove vegetation and clutter from around the outdoor unit. 

It is recommended to have to have a professional technician service the heat pump at least once every year. The technician can do the following:

  • Inspect ducts, filters, blower, and indoor coil for dirt and other obstructions
  • Diagnose and seal duct leakage
  • Verify adequate airflow by measurement
  • Verify correct refrigerant charge by measurement
  • Check for refrigerant leaks
  • Inspect electric terminals, and, if necessary, clean and tighten connections, and apply nonconductive coating
  • Lubricate motors, and inspect belts for tightness and wear
  • Verify correct electric control, making sure that heating is locked out when the thermostat calls for cooling and vice versa
  • Verify correct thermostat operation.
What is the design life of the heat pump?

The design life of the heat pump is …years which is subject to maintaining/operating the system as per manufacturer standard operating procedures.

What are the guarantee on Heat Pump ?

The typical warranty duration is 2 to 5 years on the and 1 to 2 years on the entire system

Where can a heat pump water heater be installed?

It can be conveniently installed in a clean, dry room including basements, attics and utility rooms. It should be placed at a practical location to prevent long un-insulated hot water lines to be installed that waste energy and water. The room should be at least 700 cubic feet and be well ventilated. Commercial heat pump models can be installed on rooftops open to atmosphere.

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